Wolf Spiders (Lycosidae)

Name:

Wolf Spiders (Lycosidae)

Size:

Large, One and a half inches with a leg span of up to three or four inches.

Color:

Medium brown with dark strips on back. Look like Brown Recluse Spiders.

Identification

They have eight eyes and eight legs. Two body parts. Notable for being hairy. Wolf Spiders are hunting spiders and do not construct webs.

Reproduction:

Female Wolf Spiders lay dozens of eggs at one time and wrap them in a ball of web. Eggs, which are carried by the female Wolf Spider, hatch in 9 to 27 days. After they hatch, the new Wolf Spiders live on the mother's back for a few weeks until they are large enough to hunt on their own.

Life Span:

Up to several years.

Feeding:

Because Wolf Spiders are hunter spiders they aggressively attack a wide range of prey (unlike the Brown Recluse Spider which prefers dead or defenceless prey).

Habitat:

They can live by the thousands in leaf litter and grassy areas. Some Species of Wolf spiders build burrows and defend their territory, others are free roaming.

Medical:

Wolf Spider fangs are large enough to tear the skin as they bite. Symptoms from a Wolf Spider bite can include pain, redness, and swelling. Swollen lymph glands can develop. The skin around the bite may turn black. Swelling and pain may last for up to ten days. In rare cases, some bites have been associated with necrotic lesions (like the Brown Recluse Spider).


First Aide:

Step One: Stay calm, identify the type of spider (if it is possible to do it safely).
Step Two: Wash the bite area with soap and water.
Step Three: Apply a cloth dampened with cold water (or filled with ice to reduce swelling).
Step Four: Do not attempt to remove the venom.
Step Five:Elevate the area if possible
Step Six: Immediately seek professional medical attention.


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