Roof Rats (Rattus rattus):
Roof Rats are the predominant rat in Florida. This rat goes by many names, including Black Rat, Roof Rat and Citrus Rat. They are Found from Texas to Florida and along the length of t he US Pacific Coast. This rat is best suited for tropical and subtropical climates.
Body Size:3 to 8 inches 1ong
Tail Length:3 to 8 inches, essentially identical to their body length.
Weight:5 to 12 ounces
Litter Size:5 to 8 per litter called “pups”
Able to Reproduce::90 days
Average Number of litters per year:Three
Season:No breeding season, they breed throughout the year.
Independence:Fourteen Days, eyes open and moving around on its own.
The population of rats for any given area is dependent on availability food, water, warmth, safety and physical space. Their fertility rate allows quick population recovery. Rodents have no breeding season, they breed throughout the year. A male rat will frequently have two females in tow. Given the right circumstances a single adult male and one single adult female could produce over 5,000 rats in a single year.
The front teeth are called incisors which grow constantly about 4mm per day.
The incisors are harder than steel and rats can exert a biting pressure of up to 7,000 PSI.
A rat can bite up to 6 times a second.
They spend 10% of their day gnawing to sharpen their teeth.
They can chew though wiring, plastic, drywall, cinderblock, wood, aluminum and lead sheeting.
Roof rats can climb up stucco walls.
They can jump vertically up to 3 feet and horizontally up to 4 feet.
Roof rats only need to have an opening the size of a quarter to gain entry.
Roof rats are carnivorous, they can eat all types of food including fallen fruits and nuts, pet or bird food, and garbage.
They begin searching for food after sunset.
They will hoard food in protected areas.